Hand & Wrist
Treating Conditions such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Trigger Finger and others
Hand and wrist pain and injuries are very common among athletes of all ages and abilities. Injury to this part of the body can be caused by many factors ranging from accidents to overuse.
In athletes, hand and wrist injuries typically occur as a result of forceful contact or impact, or from repetitive motions (overuse). Those who participate in sports such as football, baseball, basketball, hockey, gymnastics, wrestling, snowboarding, golf, and others are susceptible to hand and wrist injuries.
The most common causes of hand and wrist pain we see at Sports Physicians Orthopedics and Rehabilitation of Texas include:
Wrist fractures most often occur when you stretch out your hand to break a fall. A broken bone in your wrist can cause severe pain as well as stiffness, swelling, and loss of movement.
The wrist is composed of several bones in your hand and forearm that form two major joints. The most commonly broken bone in the wrist is the scaphoid, which is located on the thumb side of your wrist. Treatment will depend on the location and type of break and may involve a cast, splint, or surgery to help the broken bone heal completely.
As with the wrist, bones in the hand and fingers can be broken due to trauma, a fall, or other accident, causing pain, stiffness, swelling, and loss of movement. Common finger injuries and fractures that often occur due to sports include Bennett’s fracture, boxer’s fracture, mallet finger, and skier’s thumb. A simple break may only require immobilization with a cast, splint, or taping, while more complicated fractures may require surgery.
Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain, tingling, and numbness in the palm and some fingers of the hand, as well as in the wrist and forearm, making it difficult to grip objects.
CTS occurs when swelling within the carpal tunnel constricts the median nerve, which controls sensation and muscle impulses in the thumb and most of your fingers. It is caused by repetitive motions, often from job-related activities as well as sports such as tennis, golf, and cycling.
Treatment for CTS may include resting the hand and wrist, anti-inflammatory or analgesic painkillers, a wrist splint, cortisone shots, and physical or hand therapy. However, if your symptoms last longer than six months, you may require surgery.
Clinically known as stenosing tenosynovitis, trigger finger is a condition in which your fingers or thumb are locked in a bent position. It develops when the flexor tendons that control the movements of your fingers and thumb become irritated.
The actual cause of trigger finger is unknown, but most likely to develop if you have rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or gout. It is more common in women than men and in adults between 40 and 60. Treatment includes resting your hands, over-the-counter pain medication, corticosteroid injections, and, if other treatments fail, surgery.
Arthritis is a major source of hand pain. It occurs when cartilage in the joints deteriorates, causing painful swelling in the base of the thumb, the middle joint of one or more of your fingers, or the end joint closest to the tip of your finger.
Osteoarthritis happens with aging or after an injury. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and stiffness. Depending on the severity of your pain and disability, treatment may include anti-inflammatory medication, splints, heat, physical therapy, or – if these treatments fail to provide relief – surgery.
At SPORT, our orthopedic providers can help relieve the pain of a hand or wrist injury and restore your flexibility and range of motion. For an appointment at our Dallas or Frisco office, call (469) 200-2832 today or use our convenient online appointment request form.