Knee, Shoulder, Ankle, and Hip Replacement
Joint replacement is a surgical procedure designed to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint called a prosthesis. This kind of operation is usually considered only after other treatments have failed to provide adequate relief from pain and disability.
Joint replacement has become commonplace with more than 285,000 primary total hip replacements and more than 600,000 total knee replacement surgeries performed in the United States annually.
At Sports Physicians Orthopedics and Rehabilitation of Texas (SPORT) in Dallas and Frisco, our board-certified surgeon, Dr. Robert Berry, performs the following joint replacement procedures:
Also known as knee arthroplasty, total knee replacement is the most common joint replacement procedure performed in the US. This surgical procedure replaces the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to help relieve pain and disability.
Knee replacement is most commonly performed to treat osteoarthritis and other knee diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis resulting from a serious knee injury such as knee fracture or severely torn ligaments.
Surgery can be performed as a partial or a total knee replacement. Generally, it consists of replacing the diseased or damaged joint surfaces with metal and plastic components shaped to allow continued motion of the knee.
Total hip replacement is the second-most common joint replacement procedure. It involves replacing the hip joint with a prosthetic implant.
Generally performed to relieve arthritis pain or to treat avascular necrosis, it can be performed as a total replacement or a hemi (half) replacement. With a total hip arthroplasty both the acetabulum and the femoral head is replaced, while a hemiarthroplasty generally only replaces the femoral head.
There are several approaches for performing a total hip replacement, including the traditional open approach with a single large incision, minimally invasive approach using one or two small incisions, and anterior approach, the least invasive method (see below).
Anterior approach hip replacement is a minimally invasive procedure that involves accessing and replacing the hip joint from a frontal incision as opposed to a more invasive lateral (side) or posterior (back) approach. Because the hip is replaced without detaching pelvic or femur muscles, the patient spends less time in the hospital and experiences less pain and a faster recovery.
Severe shoulder arthritis is not only painful, but also can restrict range of motion. When medication and lifestyle adjustments fail to treat the problem, surgical measures may be necessary.
Total shoulder replacement is performed to relieve arthritis pain and restore movement. With a shoulder replacement, all or part of the glenohumeral shoulder joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant.
Ankle arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the damaged surfaces of the ankle joint are replaced with prosthetic components. It serves as an alternative to the conventional use of ankle fusion as a means of restoring range of motion in the ankle.
If you have severe knee, hip, shoulder, or ankle pain from osteoarthritis that is interfering with your quality of life, visit SPORT to find out if you’re a candidate for joint replacement surgery. Dr. Berry will let you know what your options are and explain the recommended procedure in detail so you know what to expect. Call (469) 200-2832 today to make an appointment or you can request one online.