Foot & Ankle Care for Injuries
At Sports Physicians Orthopedics and Rehabilitation of Texas (SPORT) in Dallas and Frisco, our comprehensive orthopedic services include specialized care for foot and ankle injuries, deformities, and other conditions. Our providers will diagnose and treat your problem with the most appropriate methods.
Most of the time, foot and ankle injuries can be treated without surgery using medication such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, cortisone injections, or immobilization with a cast or brace.
If you do require surgery, Dr. Robert Berry will discuss your options and recommended procedure. Conditions and injuries that most frequently require surgery include ankle arthritis, severe bunions, and torn ligaments.
The most common procedures to treat these conditions include:
Bunions are painful bumps made up of bone and soft tissue that form on the base of your big toes. This foot deformity usually develops when you wear shoes that are too tight or small in the toe area. Bunion surgery is recommended only after other treatments – such as wearing proper, comfortable shoes – fail to correct the condition.
During this outpatient procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the top or side of your big toe joint, then realigns or removes the bone and soft tissue, thus alleviating pain. In some cases, small plates, screws, or wires are used to keep the foot bone from becoming misaligned again.
Ankle Instability and Ligament Repair
The bones in your lower leg (tibia and fibula) and feet come together to form the ankle joint. It is held together by ligaments on both sides of the ankle: three major ligaments on the outside and several others on the inside of the ankle. Together they help restrict the motion of the ankle joint. The three ligaments on the outside of the ankle are collectively known as the lateral collateral ligament, or LCL. It is the ligament most susceptible to ankle sprains.
Meanwhile, tendons that cross the joint are attached to the muscles in your leg and to the bones of your foot. When the muscles contract, it moves your foot at the ankle joint either up or down.
An ankle sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched or torn. It is accompanied by pain, swelling, and stiffness in the ankle joint. The injury is classified by the amount of damage to the ligament:
- Grade 1 sprain = Slight stretching with minimal damage and no instability
- Grade 2 sprain = Partially torn ligament with some instability
- Grade 3 sprain = Completely torn ligament and severe instability
Minor ankle sprains heal with rest. Major sprains require surgery to repair the torn ligament. Surgery typically involves using a tendon graft to replace the torn ligament, followed by physical therapy.
Learn more about common orthopedic conditions and treatments in our exclusive, informative patient education library.
Discover the latest news and information on cutting-edge breakthroughs in orthopedic care.